How to Write The A-Level Explanatory essay


There is no doubt that it is the winner who writes the story. However, for each situation or event, several different approaches can be found. Of course, changing the way of thinking or the ideology of another person is difficult. But you can always provide your own arguments to make your point of view more convincing. This is what the explanatory essay does.

We have prepared for you a detailed guide from our professional writers. Use it to learn all the secrets and nuances. We are sure you will succeed!

Definition of an Explanatory Essay

An explanatory essay is a paper that explains the view on a specific topic, situation, problem, event. The author should not adhere to the same opinion; the main thing is that he should be able to use logical arguments and studies confirming this explanation.

Such essays are very relevant for students of historians or journalists. You study different facts and situations, looking for objective explanations. Not all students find writing this essay simple. Explaining this or that point of view, they want to defend it, or vice versa, to criticize. It is very important that your explanatory essay is neutral. Your readers should get a clear idea of ​​all the premises and facts. Even if your audience does not agree with this point of view, it should understand all aspects and circumstances of the situation.

Some Good Topics For The Explanatory Essay

Most likely, your professor has already provided you with some good essay topics. You may be asked to explain the prerequisites that caused the Second World War or explain how smartphones work. But there are situations when a professor suggests choosing a topic yourself. Make sure your topic is impartial, neutral, and uncontroversial. Here are some good ideas:

  • What reasons led to the American Civil War?
  • What is the effect of depression on young children, adolescents, and adults?
  • How have modern schools changed with the development of technology?
  • What are the positive and negative effects of social networks?
  • What is the environmental situation in the world today?
  • The main effects of globalization.

Get Prepared to Start an Explanatory Essay

When you start writing any type of essay, you should first focus on proper research and data collection. Be sure to use trusted sources and write out the information that may be useful to you. Ideally, the point of view described in the essay should be a combination of external data and your ideas. Therefore, initially, you can decide on your thoughts, and then find several sources that can be confirmation for them.

Here is a short plan of action for the pre-writing section:

  1. Decide on a neutral topic
  2. Find proven sources. You can use books, online magazines like JSTOR or Google Scholar or JSTOR
  3. Do research, write out the necessary facts and quotes. Write down the sources right away
  4. Organize your research
  5. Read the material and start writing an essay

Once you have collected all the necessary information, you need to create an explanatory thesis. In other words, this is a short version of your view on the topic. You explain what your explanatory essay will be about. In the process of writing, always remember that you do not argue and do not criticize; you simply constant the facts.

How to define a good thesis statement? It fully explains the meaning of your essay.

Take a look:

Schindler’s List was filmed to show how concentration camps worked during World War II. Against the backdrop of these events, director Steven Spielberg reflects on the problems of good and evil, shows how even helpless people can change thanks to the courage and selfless actions.

The bad thesis statement doesn’t give an idea of ​​your paper.

Schindler’s List is the story of Oscar Schindler, who saved thousands of Jews during the Holocaust.

How to Create an Outline

You definitely need a plan to make your essay effective. Its size and structure will depend on the topic, as well as on the volume of your paper. The standard volume of an essay is 1-2 pages, which is about five paragraphs.

Your first paragraph is an introduction where you will introduce readers to the subject of discussion and an explanatory thesis. Next, you will write a few paragraphs of the main section. The body of the essay contains all the facts, logic, statistics, and other important information. Finally, a conclusion is necessary in order to summarize your paper. We suggest you go deeper into each of these sections.

Introduction to an explanatory essay

In fact, this is the most important part of your paper. It determines whether the audience will read the essay. You have to use a good hook for this – an interesting fact, a quote, something that might interest readers. The next thing you should do is provide them with some background information. Make sure that she is not well known. Use this data to make the picture clearer. At the end of the introduction, you need to add an explanatory thesis. He will put a bullet and determine the focus for you.

Body paragraphs

Any academic essay usually consists of 3 paragraphs, each of which has its own point of view. At the same time, all of these paragraphs should be written in a common style so that your essay is complete. Start the body of the paper with a topic proposal and explain what your work will be about. Then smoothly move on to the next point: a position that supports the thesis. You must show this connection as accurately as possible so that the audience immediately understands it. Use the evidence you managed to get during the study. At the end of the section, you can write a final statement by summing up your arguments. The structure of each of the three paragraphs should be identical. You can relate these paragraphs to each other, but not too much. It is important that each of them presents their story.

Conclusion for an explanatory essay

It seems that writing a conclusion is simple. In fact, there are as many as three important components that you should pay attention to:

  1. Rephrasing the thesis. This way, you can remind the audience about your main topic.
  2. A generalization of the three paragraphs of the body. You can summarize their essence, making sure that you correctly and clearly defended each of your arguments.
  3. General closing statement. It is the last few sentences of your essay that will help explain the value of a certain point of view. The most spectacular and effective conclusion will be a call to action. When you finish reading your essay, readers should want to learn more about the topic and get a dose of inspiration.

Short Review of Explanatory Essay sections

So, here is what an A-grade essay should look like:


  • Hook
  • Introduction, background information
  • Thesis sentence

Paper body

  • Argument
  • Proof of the argument from your sources
  • Explanation of evidence
  • Paragraph summary


  • Reformulation of the thesis
  • Summing All Arguments
  • Final impression

Some Good Tips To Polish Your Explanatory Essay

So now you know what a good explanatory essay should be. You know how to choose a theme and how to structure your paper. But we have prepared some more tips for you that will help you make the essay just awesome!

Check logic and clarity

You should always remember the main goal of an explanatory essay. It is very important to disclose all the details of an event or topic. If the audience reading does not understand your metaphors or complex descriptions, your essay is a failure. Therefore, you should make each offer of your paper as simple as possible.

Reread and edit

Even if your essay is very understandable and interesting, punctuation and grammatical errors can kill this impression. Read your paper several times to get rid of any errors or typos.

Request feedback

We cannot evaluate our papers objectively. What you like may seem boring to another person. Therefore, it is important to find another pair of eyes that can give you feedback. You can use a professional writing or editorial service for these purposes.

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